Medicines For Mice and How to Administer Them
Baytril: This is an antibiotic liquid prescribed for mice by a vet and only available on prescription. The solution given is usually 2.5% and is sticky, thicker than water and clear. Baytril is usually prescribed for mice suffering from infections and similar problems, including those with sneezing and sniffles. It is not as strong as Ivermectin but can still do a very good job of curing mice’s ills.
To give Baytril, you can put the dose on a small piece of biscuit (or any other small treat the mouse will eat) and watch to make sure it is eaten. The other way is to put two drops of Baytril per 50ml of water in the mouse’s water bottle.
Ivermec: Ivermectin is also a clear solution given to mice, but is of roughly the same consistency as water. It is usually used to treat serious conditions such as mites or perhaps scratching/allergies that may have been triggered by mites. This should be put into the mouse’s water at a rate of one drop per 50ml. It is also available in a paste without a prescription, usually to those who can obtain farming supplies.
Terramyacin: This is a coloured powder that is a weaker version of the antibiotic Baytril. It is used for young mice (under 12 weeks or so) whose growth can be stunted by taking Baytril while they are still growing. It may also be prescribed when another antibiotic i.e. Baytril, has not had the desired effect. Terramyacin must be added to water in the ratio of a quarter of a teaspoon per 50ml of water.
Antirobe: Antirobe is actually a medicine usually prescribed for cats. It comes in the form of powder inside a capsule (similar to human paracetamol capsules). These capsules must be broken open and the powder tipped out and stored in a small airtight container. A pinch of the powder is then added to around 70-80ml of water (half an 8oz hamster drinking bottle full). This is changed daily as per the other medications. I have used this drug successfully in place of baytril or where baytril has already failed and found it to be quite effective.
Natural Remedies and Reliefs
Aloe Vera: Aloe vera is a plant used to treat the skin and other irritations such as rashes. Many skin creams containing aloe vera are commercially available but it is not recommended you apply these haphazardly. I would only use this in more extreme cases due to the potential harm that other ingredients may cause. For example, no products used on mice may contain alcohol. A health shop may sell organic products derived from aloe vera that are more suitable for mice.
Echinacea: Echinacea is used to boost the immune system and various research has been conducted on its use in humans. Most favour a period of time using echinacea and then a period without so that the body does not build up a tolerance. Echinacea must be used in tincture form (with no alcohol in the ingredients) and the appropriate amount of drops added to the mouse's water. This may help animals with immune deficiencies.
See also www.rmca.org/Articles/herbal.htm for a more detailed article on echinacea.
Vitamin E: I have used this to treat a very bad skin condition that one of my bucks suffered from due to an immune deficiency disorder. Vitamin E capsules are available cheaply from supermarkets and chemists and are used in humans to improve the skin. One capsule (made to be swallowed) will treat the mouse from head to toe if necessary. Simply cut the capsule open with a pair of scissors and apply the oil inside to the affected place. It will not matter if the mouse grooms the oil off, since it has been made to be edible and consists mainly of sunflower oil as a carrier. Vitamin E capsules can also be used to treat cuts and scrapes.
Soluble Rodent Vitamins: The brand I use is called Johnson's and costs about £3.65 here in the UK. It's available from pet shops quite widely and I have found it very reassuring and helpful to be able to give it to pregnant and nursing mums, pups and ill or recovering mice. Some mice owners even put the vitamins in the water all the time, in which I can see no harm - it is up to you.
Children’s Vitamins/Minerals: If for any reason you cannot find soluble vitamins for rodents then an alternative is crushed children's vitamins/minerals and supplements. Always check the amount of vitamins etc per tablet and try to tailor as close as possible to a mouse's needs. If you get soluble vitamins make sure that they do not 'fizz' due to a mouse's inability to burp to get rid of the gas, and that they do not therefore contain a lot of sugar or any other unwanted ingredient.
Rehydration solutions: These can be very useful when a mouse is ill or suffering diarrhoea or will not drink. In the UK I buy a children's brand (or suitable for young children) called Dioralyte. In the USA pedialyte or even gatorade can be used.
Diluted tea tree oil and vegetable oil: Both of these can be used as a topical treatment to get rid of mites. Tea tree oil diluted in water (about 6 drops per 150ml of water) can also be sprayed onto a mouse's coat to help eliminate ringworm.
Johnson's tea tree skin cream: I use this for treating sores, wounds and itching. It has worked very well for me and the tea tree also acts as a natural antiseptic and helps keeps mites away.
Beaphar Dirty Rat shampoo: A great product by Beaphar that kills mites. The tea tree in it also helps to repel any remaining mites in the environment.
Beaphar Dirty Rat shampoo
Bob Martin Mite Spray: I use this as part of my mite treatment. Usually after a thorough cage clean and using this spray there is little need for other harsher treatments such as ivermectin.
Beaphar Mite Repellent spray with neem and lime oil: This product is good to use after or even instead of the Bob Martin's spray. It even smells nice!
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